The origins of the Pugs might be far from what you expected – try ancient China, before 400 BCE. No-one’s sure where the Pugs’ name was derived from but there are plenty of theories.
A popular one is that it comes from the Latin “Pugnus”, which means “a balled-up fist”, which some speculate reflects a Pug’s face.
Another goes that they shared similar facial features with the Marmosets, which were already referred to as Pugs.
They were revered by the ancient Chinese and Emperors treated them as if they were royalty. They were known as “Lo-Sze” in the local dialect.
The Pug’s motto: “Multum In Parvo” which means “A lot in a little.”
One-Shot Expenses for Owning a Pug
If you’re looking to purchase a dog and thinking about a Pug but still somewhat hesitant, here’s a list of some of the initial expenses that you can expect to shoulder:
- Pug’s Price
Purchase Cost – The Pug was not initially a well-known breed in the U.S.A but its popularity has been growing somewhat in the last few decades. Today, Pugs aren’t the top pick for owners but they’re not the last choice either. The American Kennel Club ranks the Pug at #32 out of 194 breeds; so, it’s still pretty high up on the list.
You can buy Pugs at the AKC Marketplace and the upfront prices range from $1,000 to $2,700. They’re all purebred and the sellers are registered members of AKC which means that they conform to national and global standards that have been set regarding the health practices, care, breeding, and the likes.
Pugs (and most other animals) can also be bought from other various independent breeders and online directories for lower prices. The trade-off is that more effort is needed on your part to get in close communication with the breeder to determine if they can be trusted.
Adoption Cost – Another alternative to acquiring a Pug from a registered breeder is to adopt one. This is a great option if you haven’t yet fully made up your mind on the breed and don’t want to invest a huge sum.
There is an over-abundance of pets waiting to be rescued from shelters all over the United States so, not only will you be helping the facilities by lightening their load, you’ll be helping a dog find a new home too.
Adoption fees vary from shelter to shelter but most experts agree that the price range falls around $100 to $300 on the average.
If you’re shipping your Pug across the state or country, you’ll need to enlist a pet shipping service. The only problem is that Pugs, along with most other flat-faced dogs, are not allowed to fly solo on many airlines. The reason is that since they’re a brachycephalic breed, they have difficulty breathing in tight spaces.
Given that the cargo hold of an airplane also tends to get quite hot, this can lead to severe dehydration in your beloved pet. Reach out to the company you have in mind and check if they’ll allow Pugs to fly solo.
uShip is one of the most popular pet transportation services and the average cost for shipments ranges from $270 to $500 for dogs.
- Crates & Kennels
A Pug is quite small; therefore, a 24” dog crate should be enough to keep it comfy. You can pick one up at Petco for around $40 to $150.
An additional one-time expense which is completely optional is the registration for your Pug. Registering at the American Kennel Club provides a wide array of benefits and the prices range from $30 to $80, depending on the type of registration.
What’s Included in the Pug Price?
Buying a Pug from a registered breeder on AKC guarantees a number of beneficial inclusions. Here’s a few of them:
- Free Health Screening
- Free Microchip Implantations
- Neutering/Spaying on Request
Not all breeders include additional services with the cost of the pet though, so research thoroughly and contact them beforehand in order to make the best decision.
AKC’s marketplace features hundreds of registered breeders and many of them have pups from champion bloodlines. What this means is that one dog from the puppy’s bloodline within 3 generations has earned an AKC Conformation Championship or Grand Championship Title.
Maintenance Expenses of Pugs
- High-Quality Dog Food
A well-balanced and nutritious diet will keep your Pug strong and healthy. Consider purchasing high-quality dog food as Pugs are used to being fed well and often. Be careful not to overfeed though. An overweight Pug can develop heart problems, can put more pressure on its joints, and shorten its lifespan.
Royal Canin Pug Dry Dog Food is one of the best available. You can pick up a 10-lb bag for only $39.99.
- Grooming Kits/Pampering
Pugs love to be pampered. It’s in their genes. They expect to be given what they want and will provide you unending loyalty in return.
Trim their nails often. Long nails can cause discomfort and pain while walking or running. They can even deform the feet and injure your Pug’s tendons if left for an extended period of time. The preferred tool of use for most groomers is a nail grinder, which slowly cuts down the nail and has less risk of hurting the dog.
You can get a grooming kit and various other accessories at Petco for around $7 to $35.
- Health Maintenance
Routine check-ups by veterinary experts and annual vaccinations are both an important factor in keeping your Pug in tip-top shape. Some health issues such as worms and diabetes can bring devastating results if left unchecked for long periods of time but are easily managed if identified early on.
The AKC has a recommended list of vaccinations for your Pug’s first year if it’s a puppy. The average cost of the core vaccines is around $75 to $100.
Choose the Pug’s toys wisely. Select toys that they can chew on as Pugs begin teething between the age of 3 and 4 months. Adult Pugs need a variety of different toys to fight boredom and help them deal with separation anxiety when you have to leave. Toys for puppies can cost anywhere from $4 to $13 and for adults, the price can jump to around $7 to $15.
Top Tips for Taking Care of Your Pugs
- They are brachycephalic animal; their noses are pushed in and they can’t breathe well. They also can’t take deep breaths due to their pressed-in facial structure. They’re not very good swimmers either and they have trouble breathing on airplanes.
- They cannot be stored in the cargo hold or overhead compartments. They should be hand-carried if flown. They’re very sensitive to hot and cold temperatures. They are also prone to eye injuries as they have large eyes and not much eyelid to protect them.
- Pugs shed their coat frequently all year round, so they’re probably not a good pick for people with allergies. The fur and dander left around the house can cause severe reactions for some folks.
- Clean the folds on your Pug’s face by applying light baby oil and gently wiping their face and nose. Don’t use water; it might cause fungus to grow. If it doesn’t have sensitive skin, feel free to use baby wipes or a clean, damp washcloth. Make sure the wipes are alcohol-free.
- Never use a leash and collar on a Pug. They already have difficulty breathing, so added tension and force around the neck area can end up completely stopping airflow and even cause severe damage to the trachea.
Choosing the Right Pug
Purebred pugs only come in two different colors – fawn and black. Any other color or variant is not accepted as the registered standard and will not be sold or bred by any reputable registered breeders.
Choose an adult pug as they’re easier to take care of. Pug puppies need to be handled extremely cautiously as they are more fragile than most breeds at this stage of their lives.
Make sure to buy from registered breeders. Remember that they own the parents of your pet, raised and cared for them for the first 6 weeks, and are being held accountable by the AKC’s health and safety standards. When it comes to asking advice regarding any aspect of your Pug, the breeder is the first person you should contact.
All papers should be in order before departing from the breeder’s location. Ask if you can visit the kennel and have a look at the Pug’s parents prior to any further discussion.
Lastly, do a thorough research on the dog’s lineage before making a purchase.
Why a Pug in the First Place?
Pugs are best described as mischievous, charming, and lovable. They are sociable and gentle companion dogs. The characteristics that define this breed include a flat nose, curly tail, and a short, stocky stature. They can grow to an average height of 10-13 inches, and weigh on average anywhere from 14-18 pounds.
They are extremely social and need plenty of attention to keep them happy. They crave for human attention and need constant care and emotional support. They are a very privileged breed of dog. So, if you are someone who needs the same attention and has plenty of love to give, you and the pug are a perfect match.
And since a Pug can live for 13-15 years, you’ll surely have plenty of time to go on adventures and make new memories with your little pal.